Submitted: 14 Jul 2018
Accepted: 07 Oct 2018
First published online: 17 Oct 2018
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2018;3(2):e07-e07.
  Abstract View: 182
  PDF Download: 107

Original

Comparison of acute coronary syndrome patients with anxiety regarding comorbidity diseases, history of hospitalization, type of disease and treatment in coronary care unit 

Leila Hatef Partovi 1, Sima Zohari Anboohi 2 * , Ziba Barzabadi Farahani 3, Samaneh Mansouri 4

1 Student Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Medical- Surgical Nursing, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery and School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid
4 Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Correspondence to: Sima Zohari Anboohi, E-mail: Email: Sima_zohari@sbmu.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome has the highest incidence of cardiovascular disease and is associated with high mortality and morbidity.

Objectives: This study was aimed to compare acute coronary syndrome patients with anxiety by comorbidity diseases, history of admission, type of disease and treatment in coronary care unit (CCU) in 2017.

Patients and Methods: The quasi-experimental study was conducted on 60 patients with acute coronary syndrome admitted to the CCU in Imam Reza hospital in Eslamshahr in 2017. The method of sampling was convenience. The variables of interest were comorbidity diseases, history of hospitalization, type of disease and treatment. The Spielberger questionnaire was used to data collection. The level of significance was less than 0.05.

Results: The mean and standard deviation scores of participants was 52.88±10.73. At the start of the study, the mean of anxiety in the control group was more than the intervention group (47.80 versus 40.73, P=0.042). The two groups did not have a significant difference in terms of the history of admission to the intensive care unit (P=0.793). The patients had a significant difference regarding blood pressure in control group compared with the intervention group (P=0.039).

Conclusion: The patients with acute coronary syndrome may have high blood pressure due to lack of control of stressors and may have more angina pectoris. In this context, anxiety reduction strategies can be helpful.

Citation: Hatef Partovi L, Zohari Anboohi S, Barzabadi Farahani Z, Mansouri S. Comparison of acute coronary syndrome patients with anxiety regarding comorbidity diseases, history of hospitalization, type of disease and treatment in coronary care unit. J Prev Epidemiol. 2018;3(2):e07. 
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