Submitted: 09 Sep 2018
Accepted: 10 Dec 2018
First published online: 28 Dec 2018
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2019;4(1):e05-e05.
  Abstract View: 116
  PDF Download: 104

Original

Metabolomics evidence on Helicobacter pylori infection related hydroxytryptophan induced delayed immune response; an immunopathological process that increase the risk of cholangiocarcinoma

Somsri Wiwanitkit 1 * , Viroj Wiwanitkit 2 ORCiD

1 Medical Academic Center, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Adjunct professor, Joseph Ayobabalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Nigeria
Correspondence to: Somsri Wiwanitkit, Email: Email: somsriwiwan@hotmail.com

Abstract

Background: Helicobacter pylori infection is an important bacterial infection that is related to chronic gastritis and gastric carcinogenesis. Recently, there is an observation that H. pylori infection can increase the risk of cholangiocarcinoma, another important gastrointestinal cancer in tropical Asia.

Methods: The authors perform a comparative metabolomics analysis to find the common metabolomes between H. pylori infection and cholangiocarcinoma. In addition, cross interaction analysis among identified specific metabolomes from H. pylori infection and cholangiocarcinoma is done and the expression analysis to find the possible pathway relating to the carcinogenesis is done.

Results: There are identified specific metabolomes from H. pylori infection and cholangiocarcinoma but there is no common metabolome. Further cross interaction analysis shows no interaction. From expression analysis, the tryptophan, a specific metabolome in H. pylori infection has the interrelationship with increased expression of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 in cholangiocarcinoma. The resulted increased hydroxytryptophan might relate to the delayed immune response that might be the underlying factor leading to the increased risk for cholangiocarcinogenesis.

Conclusion: From analysis, the identified H. pylori infection related hydroxytryptophan induced delayed immune response is an explanation for the increased risk of cholangiocarcinoma.

Citation: Wiwanitkit S, Wiwanitkit V. Metabolomics evidence on Helicobacter pylori infection related hydroxytryptophan induced delayed immune response; an immunopathological process that increase the risk of cholangiocarcinoma. J Prev Epidemiol. 2019;4(1):e05. 
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