Submitted: 11 Jul 2020
Accepted: 24 Aug 2020
ePublished: 18 Sep 2020
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2020;5(1): e07.
doi: 10.34172/jpe.2020.07
  Abstract View: 72
  PDF Download: 50

Original

Incidence of psoriasis in patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus

Mansoor Karimifar 1 ORCID logo, Hamidreza Mousavi 2 ORCID logo, Ali Safaei 3 * ORCID logo, Ali Hajihashemi 4 ORCID logo, Ziba Farajzadegan 5 ORCID logo, Fariba Iraji 6 ORCID logo

1 Departments of Rheumatology, Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Rheumatology, Noor and Aliasghar Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Radiology Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5 Departments of Community Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
6 Department of Dermatology, AL-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Correspondence to: Ali Safaei, Email: alisafaei461993@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Concomitant onset of active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and psoriasis is rare; however, due to the common skin involvement in both and exacerbation of psoriasis with antimalarial medications used for SLE, it is crucial to investigate the concomitant occurrence of both diseases.

Objectives: The present study aims to investigate the incidence of psoriasis in people with active SLE.

Patients and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was performed on 148 patients with active SLE from 2015 to 2017. Lupus activity was evaluated based on systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index-2K (SLEDAI-2K), and then, the incidence of psoriasis in patients was investigated. Patients’ demographic information was recorded in the relevant checklist.

Results: The mean score of SLEDAI-2K was 14.10±19.77. The duration of SLE was significantly associated with the SLEDAI-2K score (P=0.001, r = 0.294). Psoriasis incidence was remarkably correlated with the gender of patients with SLE (P=0.019). An insignificant association was found between the coincidences of SLE with psoriasis considering the factors, including age, SLE duration, and mean SLEDAI-2K score.

Conclusion: Patients’ mean age, SLE duration, and disease activity score were not correlated with concomitant psoriasis among SLE patients; however, we found that males were more prone to concomitant SLE and psoriasis.

Keywords: Systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, Systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity inde
Citation: KarimifarM, Mousavi H, SafaeiA, Hajihashemi A,Farajzadegan Z, Iraji F.Incidence of psoriasisin patients withactive systemic lupuserythematosus. J PrevEpidemiol. 2020;5(1):e07.doi: 10.34172/jpe.2020.07.
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