Submitted: 20 Jul 2020
Accepted: 10 Oct 2020
ePublished: 02 Nov 2020
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2020;5(1): e13.
doi: 10.34172/jpe.2020.13
  Abstract View: 26
  PDF Download: 48

Original

Examination of IQ in 7 to 14 years old children with sickle cell disease compared with healthy children

Arash Alghasi 1 * , Zohreh Hassanpour 1, Mohammad Bahadoram 1 ORCID logo, Somayeh Ashrafi 2, Seyed Mohammad Kazem Nourbakhsh 3

1 Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Research Center, Research Institute of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Imam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Correspondence to: Seyed Mohammad Kazem Nourbakhsh; Email address: dr.nourbakhsh2010@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic disorder that can be diagnosed by early onset screening tests. In embryos and newborns with sickle cell syndrome, the anatomic development and brain circulation is less than the normal people, and brain circulation plays an important role in brain development.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of IQ in children with SCD.

Patients and Patients and Methods: The study was a descriptive-epidemiologic. The population of the present study was all children aged 7-14 years old with SCD in Ahvaz. The sample of this study was 50 children with SCD. They were selected from among clients referring to the hepatitis clinic of Shafa hospital in Ahvaz. About 50 healthy children were selected from the first or second-degree family members of the patients with SCD as the control group. The data was collected using Raven’s Progressive Matrices (RPM) and demographic information questionnaire.

Results: The mean and standard deviation of IQ scores of the patients with SCD was 94.52 ± 14.41, and the mean and standard deviation of IQ scores of healthy subjects was 105.86 ± 11.38. The results showed a significant difference between the two groups in terms of IQ score (P<0.05). Moreover, the results showed that IQ level in patients with SCD was significant regarding their place of residence (P<0.05), however IQ level was not significant in patients with SCD regarding gender and race (P>0.05).

Conclusion: The results showed that IQ in children with SCD is lower than that of the healthy subjects. Thus, the present study showed the importance of SCD on children’s IQ.

Keywords: Disease-induced anemia, Healthy children, Sickle cell disease
Citation: Alghasi A, Hassanpour Z, Bahadoram M, Ashrafi S. Examination of IQ in 7 to 14 years old children with sickle cell disease compared with healthy children. J Prev Epidemiol. 2020;5(1):e13. doi: 10.34172/ jpe.2020.13.
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