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Submitted: 15 Aug 2020
Accepted: 23 Nov 2020
ePublished: 27 Dec 2020
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2020;5(2): e24.
doi: 10.34172/jpe.2020.24
  Abstract View: 153
  PDF Download: 40

Original

Prevalence of biologic, behavioral and psychosocial determinants in tuberculosis patients, Semnan; a 5 years cross sectional study (2011-2016)

Naim sadat Kia, Mohammad Nassaji, Elnaz Sarkheil, Elaheh Ghods *

Abstract

Introduction:Tuberculosis is one of the most common and lethal infectious diseases. Due to the impact of biological, behavioral, socio-economic factors on the incidence of tuberculosis and the risks of the disease, we aimed to investigate the factors affecting tuberculosis, better identify and increase knowledge about planning and policy by identifying risk factors that are more frequent in tuberculosis patients in Semnan. Methods:All patients with confirmed tuberculosis, who were registered in health centers in Semnan for the period from 2012 to 2016 and referred for drug preparation were enrolled. All of them were selected and information was obtained from health center. Data collected from clinical records and in-person interviews, then entered to check list. The check list consisted of two parts: the first part was demographic data and other was related to the risk factors for tuberculosis. Results:The household crowding index was 1.86 ± 0.88.. Most of patients (48.1%) were elderly (≥ 60 years old), female (59.7%), housewife (48.1%), had a pre-diploma education (63.6%), low monthly income ( 62.3%) and married (63.6%). 13.0% had diabetes. 20.8%, drug abuser, 16.9%, cigarettes and tobacco and 1.3% consumed alcoholic beverages. 40.3%were Afghans and 1.3% Pakistani. Conclusion: The current trend in anti-tuberculosis programs at Iran and Semnan is so far from main aim which is "No to tuberculosis". Identifying and controlling the social, geographical and biological factors affecting the incidence and mortality of tuberculosis in different regions can help to formulate appropriate strategies for achieving global goals. These factors differ among native and non-native population.
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Biological causes, Behavioral causes, Socio-economic causes
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