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Submitted: 19 Nov 2015
Accepted: 20 Dec 2015
ePublished: 28 Dec 2015
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2016;1(1): e09.
  Abstract View: 1487
  PDF Download: 923

Original

The nutritional status of hemodialysis patients admitted to Khoramabad’s Shohadie Ashaier hospital, Korramabad, Iran

Mahnaz Mardani 1*, Pouria Rezapour 2, Hooshang Baba 3, Saeed Balavar 3, Nasrollah Naghdi 4

1 Department of Nutrition & Health Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Department of English Literature, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Nutrition & Health Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
4 Department of Pharmacology, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Correspondence to Mahnaz Mardani, Email: msmardani@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction:Malnutrition is a danger that many dialysis patients face, it increases their death risk, it decreases their quality of life, and it exacerbates malnutrition related side effects. Improving the intake and quality of macro- and micronutrients in dialysis patients improves their quality of life drastically. The current study aims to analyze the nutritional wellbeing of hemodialysis patients admitted to Khoramabad’s Shohadie Ashaier hospital.

Patients and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 57 hemodialysis patients. To evaluate the patients’ diet, 24-hour recall for 3 days was applied. Body mass index (BMI) of patients was calculated and also, serum albumin of them was measured. Food Processor N III was utilized to calculate the energy intake, amount of macro- and micronutrient intakes of all patients

Results: The underweight prevalence, based on the patient’s BMI, was 10.4%. In 24.4% of the patients, the level of blood serum albumin was lower than normal. The patient’s daily energy and protein intake was 17.5 kcal and 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight respectively. Most of the patients suffered from deficiencies of micronutrients such as vitamins A and E, calcium, phosphor, zinc, magnesium, and potassium.

Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study among hemodialysis patients there is a high incidence of deficiency in the intake of energy, protein, and some micronutrients. Accordingly, more widespread etiology studies and instructing the patients about nutrition can improve their nutritional wellbeing. 


Citation: Mardani M, Rezapour P, Baba H, Balavar S, Naghdi N. The nutritional status of hemodialysis patients admitted to Khoramabad’s Shohadie Ashaier hospital, Korramabad, Iran. J Prev Epidemiol. 2016;1(1):e09.
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