Introduction: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases that severely affects the quality of life. Self-Management and glycemic control minimize the development and progression of diabetes’s complications.
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate self-care behaviors and their relationship with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level in patients with type 2 diabetes, using the Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ).
Patients and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on type 2 diabetic patients referred to the Shahid Beheshti hospital of Qom. A total of 325 patients with type-2 diabetes participate in the study. Diabetes self-management parameters were assessed using the translated (Persian) version of the DSMQ.
Results: The mean score of self-management (±SD) in patients was 26.82 (±9.43). In addition, the mean HbA1c and fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels of the participants respectively were 8.35 (±1.97) and 187.25 (±77.51). There was a significant inverse correlation between self-management score metabolic control indices. (P<0.001). Health care use subscales have been best associated with better glycemic control (P<0.001) and physical activity had the least effect on it (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The findings of this study revealed that there is a significant relationship between self-management indicators and control of diabetes.