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Submitted: 30 Apr 2021
Accepted: 25 Jun 2021
ePublished: 20 Jul 2021
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2021;6(2): e21.
doi: 10.34172/jpe.2021.21
  Abstract View: 52
  PDF Download: 40

Original

Evaluation of irritable bowel syndrome prevalence in medical students

Samin Maghsoudi 1 ORCID logo, Azam Teimouri 2,3* ORCID logo

1 Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Gastroenterology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Isfahan Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Correspondence to: Azam Teimouri, E-mail: a_ teimouri@med.mui.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder and requires early diagnosis due to its negative impacts on the quality of life. According to the lifestyle pattern of medical students, IBS has a significant prevalence in these individuals.

Objectives: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with IBS in medical students.
Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study has been conducted on 100 medical students studying at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2019-2020. The Rome IV diagnostic criteria were administered to diagnose IBS and individuals were divided into four groups of constipation-dominant (IBS-C), diarrhea-dominant (IBS-D), mixed type (IBS-M) and unspecified (IBS-U). The association of studying grade, gender and residence with IBS was evaluated.

Results: The mean age of the students was 23.2±4.8 years, including 68 (68%) women. According to Rome -IV criteria, 24 (24%) ones were diagnosed with IBS. The IBS cases were dominantly in IBS-C group (54.16%). IBS was not associated with gender (P=0.498), educational grade (P=0.661) and type of residence (P=0.562) in the studied medical students.

Conclusion: According to the present study, the prevalence of IBS was 24% among medical students, which was higher among women. Most patients had IBS-C, but IBS did not show a statistically significant relationship with gender, educational grade and type of residence.


Keywords: Irritable bowel syndrome, Medical student, Prevalence
Citation: Maghsoudi S, Teimouri A. Evaluation of irritable bowel syndrome prevalence in medical students. J Prev Epidemiol. 2021;6(2):e21. doi: 10.34172/ jpe.2021.21.
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