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Submitted: 25 Sep 2021
Accepted: 05 Jun 2022
ePublished: 09 Jun 2022
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J Prev Epidemiol. Inpress.
doi: 10.34172/jpe.2022.23166
  Abstract View: 802

Original

Prevalence of antibiotic resistance in Enterobacteriaceae among the patients hospitalized in Al-Zahra hospital, Isfahan, Iran

Fatemeh Esfahanian 1 ORCID logo, Sina Mobasherizadeh 2 ORCID logo, Azar Baradaran 3,4 ORCID logo, Sepideh Abbasi Baghbaderani 1 ORCID logo, Azar Naimi 4 ORCID logo, Samereh Nouri 5 ORCID logo, Soodabeh Rostami 3* ORCID logo

1 School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Nosocomial Infection Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Pathology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5 Department of Microbiology, Clinical Laboratory of Al-Zahra Medical Center, Isfahan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Correspondence to: Soodabeh Rostami, Email: , Email: srostami1876@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Enterobacteriaceae are a high prevalent gram-negative species worldwide, which play a major role in various infections.

Objectives: The present study aims to assess the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Enterobacteriaceae at a tertiary hospital in Isfahan, Iran.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional laboratory-based study was performed during 2020 in Al-Zahra hospital, Isfahan, Iran. The isolates of all of the clinical samples submitted for the bacterial culture containing Enterobacteriaceae strains were checked for antibiotic resistance during March 2018 to March 2019.

Results: The results revealed that the specimens obtained from intensive care units (ICUs) exhibited more resistance than the others. Additionally, the highest abundant antibiotic resistance among inpatients was related to ampicillin/sulbactam, and carbapenem resistance was significantly high.

Conclusion: The high prevalence of antibiotic resistance indicated the inappropriate antibiotic prescription in this center. The results emphasized the importance of preventive strategies and restrictions in over-the-counter antibiotic consumption.


Citation: Esfahanian F, Mobasherizadeh S, Baradaran A, Abbasi Baghbaderani S, Naimi A, Nouri S, Rostami S. Prevalence of antibiotic resistance in Enterobacteriaceae among the patients hospitalized in AlZahra hospital, Isfahan, Iran. J Prev Epidemiol. 2022;x(x):e23166. doi: 10.34172/ jpe.2022.23166.
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