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Submitted: 12 Jan 2022
Accepted: 18 Feb 2022
ePublished: 23 Feb 2022
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2022;7(2): e26167.
doi: 10.34172/jpe.2022.26167
  Abstract View: 304
  PDF Download: 209

Original Article

Clinical profiles of patients with myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease in Iran

Ali Rezazadeh Roudkoli 1 ORCID logo, Soudabeh Behrooj 2 ORCID logo, Hossein Farshidi 1 ORCID logo, Farid Khorrami 3 ORCID logo, Setayesh Sotoudehnia Korani 4*

1 Hormozgan Cardiovascular Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2 Cardiovascular Department, Shahid Mohammadi Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
3 Department of Health Information Technology, Faculty of Para-Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
4 Hormozgan Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Mohammadi Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Correspondence to: Setayesh Sotoudehnia Korani, Email: , Email: Setayeshsotoudehnia96@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) accounts for 5-15% of acute myocardial infarction (MI) cases.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, and family history of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and their association with gender in patients with MINOCA.

Patients and Methods: Around 1772 patients entered this cross-sectional study. Prevalence of diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia was significantly higher in women compared to men (P<0.001). Smoking was more common in men than women (P<0.001).

Results: Women with MINOCA are more likely to have hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes than men with MINOCA, whereas men are more likely to be smokers.

Conclusion: Effective blood pressure control, correction of lipid profile and proper glycemic control can prevent MINOCA and its associated morbidities and mortality, especially in women.


Citation: Rezazadeh Roudkoli A, Behrooj S, Farshidi H, Khorrami F, Sotoudehnia Korani S. Clinical profiles of patients with myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease in Iran. J Prev Epidemiol. 2022;7(2):e26167. doi: 10.34172/ jpe.2022.26167.
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