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Submitted: 15 Aug 2020
Accepted: 23 Nov 2020
ePublished: 27 Dec 2020
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J Prev Epidemiol. 2020;5(2): e24.
doi: 10.34172/jpe.2020.24
  Abstract View: 1246
  PDF Download: 774

Original

Prevalence of biologic, behavioral and psychosocial determinant of tuberculosis in tuberculosis patients of Semnan city; a five-year cross-sectional study

Naim Sadat Kia 1 ORCID logo, Mohammad Nassaji Zavareh 2 ORCID logo, Elnaz Sarkheil 1 ORCID logo, Elaheh Ghods 1* ORCID logo

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Correspondence to: Elaheh Ghods MD, MPH, PhD, Email: ghodsemla@yahoo.com, , Email: elaheghods@semums.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common and lethal infectious diseases.

Objectives: Due to the impact of biological, behavioral, socio-economic factors on the incidence of TB and the risks of the disease, we aimed to investigate the factors affecting TB in TB patients in Semnan.

Patients and Methods: All patients with confirmed TB, who were referred to primary healthcare centers in Semnan for receiving medication, enrolled in the study (2012 to 2016). Data collected from clinical records and in-person interviews. The questionnaire consisted of two parts; the first part was demographic data and the other was related to the risk factors for TB.

Results: The household crowding index was 1.86 ± 0.88. Most of patients (48.1%) were elderly (≥60 years old), female (59.7%), housewife (48.1%), had a pre-diploma education (63.6%), low-monthly income (62.3%) and married (63.6%). Around13.0% had diabetes. 20.8% drug abuser, 16.9% cigarettes and tobacco smokers, and 1.3% consumed alcoholic beverages. Besides, 40.3% were Afghans and 1.3% had the Pakistani nation.

Conclusion: Identifying and controlling the social, geographical and biological factors affecting the incidence and mortality of TB in different regions can help to formulate appropriate strategies for achieving global goals. These factors differ among native and non-native population.



Citation: Kia NS , Nassaji Zavareh M, Sarkheil E, Ghods E. Prevalence of biologic, behavioral and psychosocial determinant of tuberculosis in tuberculosis patients of Semnan city; a fiveyear cross-sectional study. J Prev Epidemiol. 2020;5(2):e24. doi: 10.34172/jpe.2020.24.
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